A Navaho word which could be translated as the “hungry ghost” the “empty ghost.” This is a characteristic of the “empty self” as stated by J. P. Moreland (Love Your God With All Your Mind).

The “empty self” is a cultural phenomenon in our society:

  • Extreme individualism 
  • Narcissism (exclusive self-absorption)
  • Lack of empathy for others
  • Infantile personality (“puer aeternus”- – -the eternal child)
  • Passivity thru consumption of entertainment and living vicariously
  • Excessive materiality
  • A multitude of addictive behaviors

Perhaps the question is:

How do we take on the “devouring ghost?”

We are entering a season of anticipation and borning. Do we stand with “angels” or “ghosts?”


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